TCP/IP Networking Training Overview

TCP/IP Networking Training Overview

Course Delivery

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Course Overview:

TCP/IP Networking Training Overview – Hands-on

TCP/IP Networking Training Overview course covers the basic network functions, technologies, applications, standards, and protocols to tackle advanced networking skills including TCP/IP, Routing Protocols, IP addressing, IPv6, Ethernet, MPLS, Security, VPN, Wireless Broadband, WiFi, LTE, IMS, Unified Communications, Voice over IP (VoIP), Video over IP, SIP, and Diameter.

TCP/IP is the set of protocols at the core of the Internet and next generation networks such as wireless broadband. A solid understanding of TCP/IP protocols and how they work is critical. TCP/IP Networking Training Overview course gives you the essential knowledge and skills required to plan, set up, configure, support, maintain and troubleshoot TCP/IP-based networks of today and tomorrow.

Customize It:

• If you are familiar with some aspects of this TCP/IP Networking Training Overview course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
• We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
• If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the course in manner understandable to lay audiences.

Audience / Target Group:

The target audience for this TCP/IP Networking Training Overview course:

• Anyone who is responsible for designing, installing, configuring, and maintaining TCP/IP networks or who needs to understand TCP/IP protocol structures and functions will benefit from this course. This course also provides excellent preparation for more advanced networking training.

Related Courses:

VPN Training | Virtual Private Networks Training
VoIP for Managers Training

Class Prerequisites:

The knowledge and skills that a learner must have before attending this TCP/IP Networking Training Overview course are as follows:

• Understanding Networking Fundamentals

What You Will Learn:

Upon completing this TCP/IP Networking Training Overview course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:

• The essential elements of the TCP/IP protocol suite
• Install and configure TCP/IP in a live classroom network
• The roles of various devices in a TCP/IP network
• IP addressing and subnetting including Variable Length Subnet Masking (VLSM)
• Subnet an IP network and implement the resulting addresses
• Details of ARP, IP, ICMP, TCP, and UDP including their functions and relationships
• Automate address assignment and name resolution using DHCP and DDNS
• IP routing and the protocols that support it such as RIP and OSPF
• How applications like FTP, HTTP, Telnet, and others work in a TCP/IP network
• Functions of IPv6 and its related protocols
• Functions and capabilities of multicasting, Voice over IP, and e-mail
• Use of a protocol analyzer to isolate and troubleshoot network problems
• Troubleshoot problems at each layer of a TCP/IP network

Duration: 3 days

TCP/IP Networking Training Overview – Course Syllabus:

1. History and Standards

Origin of TCP/IP
ARPANET Requirement Documents
Collaborative Network Requirements
One Protocol?
Peer-to-Peer Protocols: Actual Flow
Peer-to-Peer Protocols: Effective Flow
Documentation and RFCs
RFC Categories

2. TCP/IP Numbering Systems

Data Representation
Numbering Systems
Number Grouping
Converting Binary or Hexadecimal to Decimal
Practice Converting Binary to Decimal
Converting Decimal to Binary or Hexadecimal
Example 1: Converting 1500 to Binary
Example 2: Converting 1500 to Hexadecimal
Decimal Conversions
Converting Hexadecimal to Binary and Binary to Hexadecimal
Counting
Guidelines for Determining Base

3. Local Signaling

Local Signaling
Ethernet Addressing
Unicast
Multicast
Broadcast
The Ethernet Header
Protocol Type
Size Limits
CSMA/CD

4. IP Addressing

A Logical Address
IP Address Structure
Dotted Decimal Notation
Classful Addressing (Class A, B, C, D, E)
Reserved Addresses
Masking
Comparing Addresses
Prefix Notation
Private Addressing
Network Address Translation
Address Assignment
One Flat Network
IP Address Blocks

5. IP Subnets

A Logical Address
Subnetting
Required Information
Multiple Subnets
Determining the Mask
The First Subnet
Laying out the Subnets and their Addresses
The Second Subnet
The Third Subnet
Planning for Growth
The Current Picture
Sequential Allocation Error
A Future Fourth Subnet
With The Fourth Subnet
Subnetting Subnets

6. Address Resolution Protocol

Address Mapping
ARP Cache
ARP Restrictions
ARP Message Fields
Hardware and Protocol Types
Hardware and Protocol Address Lengths
Operation
Addresses
Exception
LAN Fill
How Else Can ARP Help?
ARP Commands

7. Multicasting

What is Multicasting?
Uses of Multicasting
Multicasting Overview
Some Reserved IP Multicast Addresses
” Multicast Groups and Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
Multicast Groups
IGMP
IGMP Restrictions
Multicast Routing
Mapping a Class D IP Address to an Ethernet Multicast Address
How Does It All Work Together?

8. Internet Protocol

TCP/IP Protocols
Self-Healing Networking
IP Header
IP Header Layout
Type of Service Byte
Differentiated Services
Total IP Length
Datagram ID Number
Fragmentation
TTL
Protocol Field
IP Header Checksum
IP Address
IP Option Fields
IP Sample Data Exchanges

9. IP Routing

TCP/IP Protocol
Routing Function
The IP Routing Algorithm
The Routing Table
Routing Table Basics
Automatic Table Maintenance
Exterior or Interior Protocol
Interior Gateway
Exterior Gateway
Routing Information Protocol
RIP Routing Information Basics
RIP Route Loops
OSPF vs. RIP 1 vs. RIP 2
Layer 3 Switching

10. Simple Sessions with User Datagram Protocol

TCP/IP Protocols
Host-to-Host Layer Categories
Connectionless Protocol
Connection-Oriented Protocol
Low Overhead vs. Reliability
UDP Header
UDP Header Layout
Port Basics
UDP Ports and Sockets
Applications
UDP Sample Data Exchanges

11. Robust Sessions with TCP

TCP/IP Protocols
Reliable Transport Services
Introduction to TCP
TCP Headers
TCP Source and Target Ports
Source Sequence Number
Acknowledgment Sequence Number
TCP Header Length
Session Bit Flags
Flagging a Session
Sender Window Size
TCP Checksum
Urgent Data Size
Option Fields
Maximum Segment and Window Size
TCP Three-Step Handshake
As the Session Flows
Congestion and TCP
Primary Cause
Secondary Cause
Four Step Session Shutdown
Normal End
Reset Session
TCP Sample Session

12. Autoconfiguration

BootP and DHCP
Manual vs. Automatic Address Assignment
Earlier Solutions
DHCP New Lease Acquisition Process
DHCP Discover
DHCP Offer
DHCP Request
DHCP Acknowledgment
DHCP Scopes and Options
IP Lease Renewal
DHCP in a Routed Network
Troubleshooting
The ipconfig /release Command
The ipconfig /renew Command
Multiple DHCP Servers

13. DNS: Names Instead of Numbers

DNS Overview
A Distributed Service
The DNS Tree
Generic Top-Level Domains
Sponsored Top-Level Domains
Country Domains
Name Server
Primary and Secondary Servers
DNS Database
DNS Cache Feature
Resource Records
The Name Resolution Process
Name Query Packet
Name Query Response Packet
Reversing the Process
Name and Number Organizations
Dynamic DNS
Troubleshooting

14. Diagnostics and Error Reports via ICMP

ICMP Overview
ICMP Basics
ICMP Message Destinations
Silent Discard vs. Informed Discard
ICMP Messages
ICMP Echo Request (Type 8) and Response (Type 0)
Destination Unreachable (Type 3)
Redirecting Traffic with an ICMP Message (Type 5)
ICMP Time Exceeded Message (Type 11)
ICMP Sample Data Exchanges

15. Common TCP Applications

TCP/IP Protocols
Uses of Telnet
Telnet Option Negotiations
Telnet Protocol Options
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
Multiple Sessions
FTP Commands
FTP Response Codes
E-mail
SMTP Commands
SMTP Response Codes
POP3
POP3 Transaction State
IMAP4
World Wide Web
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
HTTP Requests and Responses

16. Common UDP Applications

TCP/IP Protocols
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
TFTP Transfer Process
TFTP Operation Codes
TFTP Sample Sessions
Read Session
Write Session
Error Session
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
SNMP Manager Model
SNMP Agent Model
SNMP Commands
The Structure of Management Information
Management Information Base
Private MIBs
Remote Network Monitoring

17. VoIP

What is VoIP?
Why VoIP Instead of TDM Voice?
Uses for VoIP
Talk to Operator
Communication Characteristics
Protocol Standards
H.323
SIP
MGCP RFCs
H.248 MEGACO
Real-Time Transport Protocol
G.7xx Standards
How VoIP Works
Gatekeeper Call Server
Hard Phone vs. Soft Phone
Dial Tone
Security
LANs and WANs
VoIP and LANs
VoIP and WANs
Bandwidth and QoS

18. Security

Protocol Limitations
C-I-A Triad
Threats
Disaster Threats
Attack Threats
Attacks
Malicious Code
Types of Attackers
Solutions
Securing Systems
User Authentication
Security-Related Protocols and IPSec
IPSec Components
IPSec Session
Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
Establishing a VPN Connection
PPTP Encapsulation
PPTP Encryption
L2TP Encapsulation
L2TP Encryption

19. IPv6

Overview
Addressing
IPv6 Address Categories
IPv6 Address Formats
Interface Identification
Interface Identifier
Address Type Identification
Header
Extension Headers
ICMPv6
Destination Unreachable
Packet Too Big
Time Exceeded
Parameter Problem
Echo Request and Echo Reply
Neighbor Solicitation
Neighbor Advertisement
Redirect Message
IPv6 DNS operation
DNS Sample Records
Routing Services and Protocols
Static Routing
RIPng
OSPFv3
MP-BGP (Multiprotocol extensions for BGP)
EIGRP for IPv6
Internet2

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