RF Training Fundamentals

RF Training Fundamentals

Course Delivery

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Course Overview:

RF Training Fundamentals Course in a Nutshell – Hands-on

RF Training Fundamentals, RF systems come in a bewildering variety of forms and technologies, including satellite and terrestrial, mobile and fixed, microwave, trunked radio, HF/VHF, Blue-Tooth, and RF ID, to name a few. While these systems are diverse in design and function, they all employ radio waves as a means of communication and thus utilize concepts and techniques that are fundamental to all RF systems.

In this RF Training Fundamentals course, you will learn how radio waves propagate and fade, the models that describe RF propagation and fading, how antennas work and are used, the basic traffic engineering models, the principles of RF design and optimization including traffic engineering, and the process of deploying an RF system. At the end of the RF Training Fundamentals course, you will have a solid foundation in the concepts, principles, methods, and considerations common to all RF systems. You will then be well prepared to embark on a more detailed study of your specialized interest in RF, whether cellular/mobile, microwave, HF/VHF, satellite, or other

RF Training – Customize It:

Tailor this RF Training Fundamentals course to your own unique requirements at little-to-no additional expense.

• If you are familiar with some aspects of this RF Training Fundamentals course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
• We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the RF Training Fundamentals course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
• If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the RF Training Fundamentals course in manner understandable to lay audiences.
• We can teach distinct versions of this course for audiences such as:

• System designers and planners
• Equipment or application designers
• Information Technology professionals
• Drive test or cell site technicians

RF Training Fundamentals – Related Courses:

NFC Training | Near Field Communication Training
RF Optimization Training

RF Training Fundamentals – Audience / Target Group:

The target audience for this RF Training Fundamentals course:

• As RF systems become more varied and pervasive, there is a growing demand for engineers, technicians, and managers who understand RF. This RF Training Fundamentals course will benefit those new to the field who need to learn the key concepts, design principles, and deployment considerations that underlie all RF systems. The standard presentation of this RF Training Fundamentals course assumes technical background, though you need not be an electrical engineer to be able to take this RF Training Fundamentals course.

RF Training Fundamentals – Class Prerequisites

The knowledge and skills that a learner must have before attending this RF Training Fundamentals course are:

• At least one year experience in the field of communication engineering, fixed or wireless telephony, information technology, or other technical field.

RF Training Fundamentals – Objectives:

Upon completing this RF Training Fundamentals course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:

• Explain the Basics of RF
• Understand the engineering tools and procedures required for RF engineering and planning
• Understand existing and emerging standards for RF
• Understand RF Propagation and Antenna Principle
• Describe and understand a broad spectrum of antenna types
• Discuss RF Modulation Techniques
• Review RF System Design Considerations
• Review RF System Budget Profiles
• Calculate propagation losses and link budgets.
• Explain RF performance and Optimization considerations
• Analyze system degradation due to RF components
• Evaluate the performance of different RF wireless systems
• Explore project planning process of RF
• Discuss successful and unsuccessful RF deployments
• Step through a practical process for managing RF networks
• Explore the current and future RF market trends

RF Training Fundamentals – Course Syllabus:

Basics of RF


• The electromagnetic spectrum
• History of RF
• Regulation of RF
• Types of RF systems
• RF applications

RF Propagation and Fading

• Principles of RF propagation
• RF modulation basics
• Reflection, refraction, diffraction
• Digital RF communications basics
• Propagation models: Okumura, HATA, Cost 231
• Free space loss
• Reflection scatting loss, Rayleigh fading, multipath
• Multipath cancellation

Antenna Concepts and Usage

• How antennas work
• Antenna gain
• Antenna radiation patterns
• Isotropic and dipole radiators
• Collinear vertical antennas
• Horizontal arrays, yagis, log-periodics
• Effective radiated power
• Testing and measurements
• Performance testing

Basics of Traffic Engineering

• Trunks, circuits, overview of the T-Carrier System
• Erlang B, extended Erlang B, Erlang C
• Blocking probability, basic operational concepts towards grade of service (GoS)
• Stochastic modeling of unknown variables
• Traffic simulation
• Using calculation tools

Design of RF Systems

• Tools available for design
• Design considerations
• Propagation losses
• Link budget
• System degradation
• Eb/No, SNR, BER, Noise
• Limitations of bandwidth
• Receiver sensitivity
• Intermodulation distortion
• RF performance and its optimization
• RF system management and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)
• Practice link budget calculations

Deployment of RF Systems

• Planning to undertake RF deployment projects
• RF deployment process
• Successful and unsuccessful RF deployments
• Morphology zones
• Design engineering
• Traffic engineering
• Mixers
• RF regulatory considerations
• Call processing
• Mobility management
• Soft versus Hard hand over
• RF optimization and performance testing
• Indoor design considerations


• A survey of current and evolving technologies
• Directions for future study and specialization
• Course recap, Q/A, and Evaluations

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