This Course is available in the following format:
Principles of Naval Weapons Training Course with Hands-on
This 4 day Principles of Naval Weapons Training course spans a wide variety of topics with the objective to provide the student the “big picture” as related to basic sensor and weapons theory. Material will cover general physical theory of various types of radar systems, electro-optical systems, sonar systems, guidance and tracking systems, command and control architectures, weapon propulsion, fusing and warheads. Mathematics expressions are kept simple such that a quick understanding of the relationships and trade-offs of different performance factors can be appreciated and determined. Considerations on how the differing elements of the Detect-to-Engage sequence could be analysed, judgments made and metrics used are also explored. All subjects will be treated in an unclassified nature.
• We can adapt this Principles of Naval Weapons Training course to your group’s background and work requirements at little to no added cost.
• If you are familiar with some aspects of this Principles of Naval Weapons Training course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
• We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Principles of Naval Weapons Training course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
• If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Principles of Naval Weapons Training course in manner understandable to lay audiences.
This Principles of Naval Weapons Training course is designed for decision makers, analysts and engineers who want to broaden their understanding of individual elements of the detection to engagement kill-chain for Naval Weapons Systems.
Principles of Naval Weapons Training – Objectives:
Upon completing this Principles of Naval Weapons Training course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:
• Scientific and engineering principles behind systems such as radar, sonar, electro-optics, guidance systems, explosives and ballistics. Specifically:
• Analyze weapon systems in their environment, examining elements of the “detect to engage sequence” from sensing to target damage mechanisms.
• Apply the concept of energy propagation and interaction from source to distant objects via various media for detection or destruction.
• Evaluate the factors that affect a weapon system’s sensor resolution and signal-to-noise ratio. Including the characteristics of a multiple element system and/or array.
• Knowledge to make reasonable assumptions and formulate first-order approximations of weapons systems’ performance.
• Assess the design and operational tradeoffs on weapon systems’ performance from a high level.
• From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform basic sensor and weapon calculations, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues, evaluate systems, and understand the literature.
Principles of Naval Weapons Training – Course Syllabus:
• Introduction to Combat Systems: Discussion of combat system attributes
• Introduction to Radar: Fundamentals, examples, sub-systems and issues
• The Physics of Radar: Electromagnetic radiations, frequency, transmission and reception, waveforms, PRF, minimum range, range resolution and bandwidth, scattering, target cross-section, reflectivities, scattering statistics, polarimetric scattering, propagation in the Earth troposphere
• Radar Theory: The radar range equation, signal and noise, detection threshold, noise in receiving systems, detection principles, measurement accuracies
• The Radar Sub-systems: Transmitter, antenna, receiver and signal processor (Pulse Compression and Doppler filtering principles, automatic detection with adaptive detection threshold, the CFAR mechanism, sidelobe blanking angle estimation), the radar control program and data processor (SAR/ISAR are addressed as antenna excursions)
• Workshop: Hands-on exercises relative to Antenna basics; and radar range analysis with and without detailed losses and the pattern propagation factor
• Electronic Attack and Electronic Protection: Noise and deceptive jamming, and radar protection techniques
• Electronically Scanned Antennas: Fundamental concepts, directivity and gain, elements and arrays, near and far field radiation, element factor and array factor, illumination function and Fourier transform relations, beamwidth approximations, array tapers and sidelobes, electrical dimension and errors, array bandwidth, steering mechanisms, grating lobes, phase monopulse, beam broadening, examples
• Solid State Active Phased Arrays: What are solid state active arrays (SSAA), what advantages do they provide, emerging requirements that call for SSAA (or AESA), SSAA issues at T/R module, array, and system levels
• Radar Tracking: Functional block diagram, what is radar tracking, firm track initiation and range, track update, track maintenance, algorithmic alternatives (association via single or multiple hypotheses, tracking filters options), role of electronically steered arrays in radar tracking
• Current Challenges and Advancements: Key radar challenges, key advances (transmitter, antenna, signal stability, digitization and digital processing, waveforms, algorithms)
• Electro-Optical theory. Radiometric Quantities, Stephan Botzman Law, Wein’s Law.
• Electro-Optical Targets, Background and Attenuation. Lasers, Selective Radiation, Thermal Radiation Spreading, Divergence, Absorption Bands, Beers Law, Night Vision Devices.
• Infrared Range Equation. Detector Response and Sensitivity, Derivation of Simplified IR Range Equation, Example problems.
• Sound Propagation in Oceans. Thermal Structure of Ocean, Sound Velocity Profiles, Propagation Paths, Transmission Losses.
• SONAR Figure of Merit. Target Strength, Noise, Reverberation, Scattering, Detection Threshold, Directivity Index, Passive and Active Sonar Equations.
• Underwater Detection Systems. Transducers and Hydrophones, Arrays, Variable Depth Sonar, Sonobuoys, Bistatic Sonar, Non-Acoustic Detection Systems to include Magnetic Anomaly Detection.
• Weapon Ballistics and Propulsion. Relative Motion, Interior and Exterior Ballistics, Reference Frames and Coordinate Systems, Weapons Systems Alignment.
• Guidance: Guidance laws and logic to include pursuit, constant bearing, proportion navigation and kappa-gamma. Seeker design.
Fuzing Principles. Fuze System Classifications, Proximity Fuzes, Non-proximity Fuzes.
• Chemical Explosives. Characteristics of Military Explosives, Measurement of Chemical Explosive Reactions, Power Index Approximation.
• Warhead Damage Predictions. Quantifying Damage, Circular Error Probable, Blast Warheads, Diffraction and Drag loading on targets, Fragmentation Warheads, Shaped Charges, Special Purpose Warheads.
• Underwater Warheads. Underwater Explosion Damage Mechanisms, Torpedoes, Naval Mine Classification.